Aquatic Invasive Species (AIS) Prevention Trailer Education Audio Transcript

Chapter 5 - My Activities

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To make sure you don’t spread AIS:

[Keegan:] “There are some special precautions for you to take depending on the aquatic activities you enjoy the most. Select each activity you are, or might become, involved with. We'll give you some tips on how to stop aquatic hitchhikers while enjoying your favorite activities.

Make sure you scroll to the end of the content, complete the scenario if one is presented, then close the window as instructed. You may then review additional favorite activities."

Sailing:

[Kylie:] “It’s  great to get out sailing! But when  you’re finished  -- and before you take your boat away from the water access -- it’s  important that you clean all aquatic plants and animals from the boat’s hull and rudderpost, from the well of the centerboard or bilgeboard and from your trailer and all other equipment.

Then, be sure to remove the  drain plugs to  let all the water out of your boat before you leave the water access or shoreland property.

What would you do?

After a day of favorable breezes you are ready to head home. You’ve lowered the sails, taken down the mast and drained the water from the hull. The boat is secured on your trailer.  Are you ready to go?

A Conservation Officer is approaching for an inspection . . .

Incorrect
[Inspection officer:] “You’ve done a good job cleaning up generally, sir, but there’s plant matter around your rudderpost. And did you check the centerboard well? Just a small part of some invasive plants can start an infestation.

Correct!
Your friend remembers . . .
“Oh yeah, I almost forgot: we have to clean around the rudderpost and in the centerboard well— or is it the bilgeboard well? I don’t really know the difference… I just know that those are places where invasive species can stow away— and we don’t want to take any of them with us!”

Motorboating :

Kylie:] “It’s such a pleasure  to go boating on a sunny day! Here’s how you can prevent AIS from hitching a ride  when you’re ready  to call it a day. Avoid driving your boat through aquatic plants before you put it on the trailer.

Once the boat and trailer are out of the water, tilt  the motor down into  running position and allow any excess water to drain. Don’t forget to raise it  up afterward.
Next, clean all aquatic plants and animals from the hull, trailer, water intake grate, and steering nozzle, before leaving the water access.

Finally, remove the drain plugs to drain all  water  before you leave the water access or shoreland property.”

What would you do?

After a pleasant day of skimming across your favorite lake it’s time to head home. You’ve loaded your boat on the trailer, pulled the drain plug and made sure all the water is out of the hull, and removed a few aquatic plants from the trailer. Can you be sure that you do not have any unwanted hitchhikers?

Here comes the Conservation Officer for an inspection . . .

Incorrect
[ Conservation Officer :] “Sir, I see plant matter around your motor’s lower unit and prop. You need to be sure to clean those off. Just a bit of some invasive species can start an infestation.”

Correct!
Good, you’ve remembered there’s something left to do. It’s important to clean your motor’s lower unit and prop.”

Canoes & Kayaks:

[Kylie:] “Paddling small watercraft is a wonderful way  to enjoy nature! But when you’re ready  to call it a day, take these steps to prevent AIS from hitching a ride with you when you go:

Remove all aquatic plants or animals from the watercraft and make sure to turn it over to drain any water from inside. Make sure any anchors or other water related equipment are free of plants and animals and are drained of any water.”

What would you do?

After an active day of paddling you are on shore ready to load your canoe into your vehicle.

You've cleaned off all the plants and animals from inside the boat and the hull. Are you ready to go?”

Incorrect
[Conservation Officer:] “Sir, the law requires that all drain plugs and drain valves be opened before the water related equipment is transported and failure to do so could result in enforcement action”.  Please make sure they are open before you leave and if you could remember to make it part of your routine that would be great”.

Correct!
“One more thing to do. We have to  open any drain plugs and turn the kayak or canoe over to make sure all the lake water is out before we leave the landing."

Shore Fishing:

[Kylie:] “I hope you catch your limit—but don’t let AIS catch a ride with you!

Clean  all visible aquatic plants, animals, and mud from waders and hip boots. Pay special attention to your footwear— clean them off thoroughly with a stiff brush.

My dad used to wear felt-soled footwear while wading because they provide a good grip in slippery places. But felt-soles can pick up AIS. Now he uses rubber-soles instead.

If you want to dispose of your unwanted bait or fish parts, throw them in the trash. Earthworms are invasive species in Minnesota so should not be placed  in the compost bin, they must be put  in the trash.

If you want to keep live bait, drain the bait container and replace the water with bottled water or de-chlorinated tap water.
Finally, bring a cooler to take your fish home on ice.  It’s illegal to transport your catch in lake water that might be harboring AIS.”

What would you do?

After a day of catch and release shore fishing you clean and put your tackle away. You remove all aquatic plants, animals and mud from your waders and boots. You add some fresh lake water to your bait bucket so they keep for tomorrow's fishing.

Are you ready to walk back to the truck?

Incorrect
You need to replace the lake water in the bait bucket with bottled water or de-chlorinated tap water. It's illegal to transport lake water.

Correct!
You need to replace the lake water in the bait bucket with bottled water or de-chlorinated tap water.  It’s easy – just pour out the lake water from the bait bucket and replace with water from home.  It's illegal to transport lake water.

Fishing from Watercraft:

[Kylie:] “I hope you catch your limit—but don’t let AIS catch a ride with you!

Be sure to follow the all steps that we’ve already gone over for cleaning your boat and equipment.

If you want to dispose of unwanted bait or fish parts, throw them in the trash. Earthworms should not be placed in the compost bin, they must be put in the trash.

If you want to keep live bait, drain the bait container and replace the water with bottled water or de-chlorinated tap water.

Finally, bring a cooler to take your fish home on ice.  It’s illegal to transport your catch in lake water that might be harboring AIS ”

What would you do?

After a day of fishing from your boat you clean all aquatic plants and animals from your boat and trailer, remove the drain plugs and open the drain valves. You add some fresh lake water to the live well to keep your whoppers until you get home. You have properly disposed of all extra bait.

Are you ready to go home for a fish dinner?

Select the best answer:
a) Yes
b) No *

Incorrect
Lake water can transmit invisible AIS larvae. You must drain all lake water, including the live well, before leaving the access.

Correct!
Lake water can transmit invisible virus or AIS larvae. You must drain all lake water, including the live and bait well, before leaving the access.  

Duck Hunting:

[Kylie:] “I hope you bag your limit—but don’t take AIS with you!
Be sure to follow the all steps that we’ve already gone over for cleaning your boat and equipment.
Also be sure to clean all aquatic plants, animals and mud from your hunting dog, from ATVs, and from waders or hip boots that you use. Also carefully clean off pushpoles, decoy lines, and anchors. Choose elliptical or bulb-shaped anchors— they don’t snag aquatic plants as easily.
If you use cattails or other plants for blinds or camouflage cut them above the waterline—this is required by law.

What would you do?

After a day of duck hunting, you’ve cleaned all aquatic plants, animals, water and mud from your boat, its motor, the trailer, the anchor and lines, your pushpoles and from your hip boots, your clothes and your hunting dog.

Are you ready to head for home and some Duck a l'Orange?

Incorrect
The decoys must also be cleaned!  And, the water needs to be drained from those decoys. Lake water can carry invisible AIS larvae.

Correct!
The decoys must also be cleaned!  And, the water needs to be drained from those decoys. Lake water can carry invisible virus or AIS larvae.

Personal Watercraft:

[Kylie:] “Zipping around on personal watercraft is a blast! But when you’re getting ready to leave, make sure that AIS doesn’t hitch a ride with you when you go.

Clean all aquatic plants and animals from the boat and trailer, before leaving water access.  After placing your personal watercraft  onto the trailer, run the motor for 5 to 10 seconds to blow out excess water and vegetation, then turn it off.”

What would you do?

After a great day of jumping wakes on your favorite lake it’s time to head home. You’ve loaded your PWC on the trailer, pulled the drain plug and made sure all the water is out of the hull, and removed any aquatic plants from the trailer. Can you be sure that you do not have any unwanted hitchhikers?

Here comes the Conservation Officer for an inspection . . .

Incorrect
[ Conservation Officer :] “Sir, I see plant matter around your motor’s water intake grate and steering nozzle. You need to be sure to clean those off. Just a bit of some invasive species can start an infestation.”

Correct!
Good, you’ve remembered there’s something left to do. It’s important to clean your motor’s water intake grate and steering nozzle.”

Boats w/ Ballast Tanks & Wakeboarding:

[Kylie:] “Wakeboarding is so much fun! But when you head out at the end of the day, make sure you don’t take AIS with you.
Clean all aquatic plants and animals from the boat and trailer, before leaving water access.
Drain the ballast. If possible or required by a DNR inspector,  flush ballast tanks with (120 degree F) water and leave the water in the ballast for at least 5 minutes.   Using warmer water can damage pumps, so be careful!

What would you do?

After an afternoon of wakeboarding your have cleaned your equipment boat and trailer of all aquatic plants, mud and aquatic animals. Your removed the drain plug and opened any drain valves. You have drained the ballast tank. Is there anything else you might be required to do to prevent unwanted hitchhikers?

Correct!
If possible you should flush ballast tanks with 120 degree water and leave the water in the ballast for at least 5 minutes.   This flush may be requested by a DNR Inspector or Officer.  But be careful, using water above 120 degrees can damage pumps.

Incorrect
There may be one more helpful stem in cleaning the ballast tanks
If possible flush ballast tanks with 120 degree water and leave the water in the ballast for at least 5 minutes.   This flush may be requested by a DNR Inspector or Officer.  But be careful, using water above 120 degrees can damage pumps.

Harvesting Bait:

[Kylie:] “If you harvest your own bait, be sure you have your fishing license and follow the fishing regulations for harvesting minnows and leeches. Remember to drain water in your bait bucket and clean off any aquatic plants between sites.

Throw all unwanted bait, including minnows and leeches in the trash – not in the water.

What would you do?

You harvested minnows and used them to fish today. At the end of your fishing trip for the day you have extra minnows. Can you dump out the extra minnows and water into the lake?

Correct!
You always need to drain your water and dispose of unwanted leeches and minnows in the trash.

Incorrect
You always need to drain your water and dispose of unwanted leeches and minnows in the trash.

Scuba Diving:

[Kylie:] “It’s fascinating to explore under water! But, don’t take AIS with you:
Clean all aquatic plants, animals, and mud from all of your equipment before leaving the water access.
Drain the water from your boots, your buoyancy compensator, regulator, cylinder and anything else that holds water.
Finally, rinse your gear with hot water inside and outside. The hot water rinse may be done at home.

What would you do?

The specialized gear needed to SCUBA dive requires some special care to prevent aquatic hitchhikers. Once you have cleaned the outside of your gear of all aquatic plants, mud and aquatic animals, are you done?

Correct!
You also need to evict AIS from the inside of your gear. Make sure you rinse the insides of your regulators, snorkel, boots, BC and anything else that can trap water.

Incorrect
You also need to evict AIS from the inside of your gear. Make sure you rinse the insides of your regulators, snorkel, boots, BC and anything else that can trap water.

Seaplanes:

[Kylie:] “It must be so awesome to fly to faraway lakes! Please don’t bring AIS back  with you!

Before you enter your aircraft, pump the floats— this will help avoid spreading fish diseases. Then, inspect for and remove all aquatic plants and animals from the floats, from wires or cables, and from the water rudders.

Before take-off, avoid taxiing through heavy surface growths of aquatic plants, and raise and lower the water rudders several times to clear off plants.

After you take-off, raise and lower the water rudders several times again to free aquatic plant fragments while over the waters you are leaving, or while over dry land.

If aquatic plants remain attached, return to the lake and remove the plants.

What would you do?

With most water-based sports cleaning equipment to prevent AIS is done after the activities. Is this also true for seaplanes?

Correct!
Because seaplanes fly from lake to lake you need to pump floats, clean wires, cables, rudders and floats before you fly. If you notice any attached plant or animal material after your take off you need to return to your starting place and make sure your are not giving any AIS a free ride.

Correct!
Because seaplanes fly from lake to lake you need to pump floats, clean wires, cables, rudders and floats before you fly. If you notice any attached plant or animal material after your take off you need to return to your starting place and make sure your are not giving any AIS a free ride.

Docks & Boatlifts:

[Kylie:] “Docks and boatlifts must be cleaned of all aquatic plants and attached zebra mussels or other animals. It is illegal to transport AIS even if they are dead.  Docks and boatlifts must be dried for 21 days before they are placed in another waterbody. Violating this regulation may result in a fine up to $1,000.”

What would you do?

With a boat and trailer you can safely move it to a new location as soon as you have completely cleaned the surfaces and drained any accumulated water. Is this the same for docks and boatlifts?

Correct!
Docks and boatlifts must be dried for 21 days before they are placed in another waterbody.

Incorrect!
Docks and boatlifts must be dried for 21 days before they are placed in another waterbody.