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Laurentian Bud Capping


Currently, white pine forests cover only a fraction of their historical area, existing mostly in isolated patches. Recent monitoring of current restoration projects has revealed a high mortality rate in young saplings; this is attributed primarily to the increase in white-tailed deer populations that browse upon the white and jack pine seedlings. Restoring conifer forests has many ecological and economic benefits. Conifer forest also provides thermal cover and is an important winter habitat for a healthy deer population. The objective of this project is to protect seedlings from browse damage through the application of paper bud caps. Species to be capped are white pine, red pine and jack pine under 5 feet tall, with 400-600 caps per acre.

Program Conservation Partners Legacy Grant Program

Status In Progress

Dates 10/27/2014 - 06/30/2018

Project Manager Jenny Foley

Grant Recipient Minnesota Deer Hunters Association

Grant Recipient Type Non-Profit Business/Entity

Primary Funding Source(s) Outdoor Heritage Fund

Grant Amount $49,968

Expended $11,072

Statutory Reference M.L. 2016, Chp. 172, Art. 1, Sec. 2, Subd. 5(K)

Management Unit(s) Federal

Habitat(s) Forest

Activity Type(s) Restoration/Enhancement

Primary County St. Louis


Latest Indicator Number of acres restored

Target 600 Acres

Measurement 258 Acres