American Hornbeam (Musclewood)Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana
Recommended Planting Range
Life Form: Trees and Shrubs
Habitat: Upland Moist, Upland Dry
Exposure: Full Sun, Partial Sun, Full Shade
Height: 20.0-30.0 ft
Spacing: 10-15 ft
American hornbeam is a small tree that grows in rich, deciduous forests beneath the canopy of taller trees. It can have single or multiple trunks. The graceful layering of overhead branches develops best in openings---such as along a woodland path---where the smooth, muscle-like bark can been seen.